|Responsible Land Governance –
a commitment to improved livelihoods
Ensuring livelihoods thanks to the possibility of using the land
Governance of tenure affects if, and how, people are able to acquire rights to use and to control land and other natural resources. Many tenure problems are caused by weak governance, and the quality of governance affects the attempts to address these problems. The eradication of hunger and poverty, and the sustainable use of the environment, depend on how people, communities and others gain access to land and other natural resources. The livelihoods of many, particularly the rural poor, are based on secure and equitable access to and control over these resources. They are the source of food and shelter, the basis for social, cultural and religious practices, and a central factor in economic growth.
Regulation of land investments is a necessity
The tenure rights of rural populations and their access to land and other natural resources have been weakened due to the growing demand of investments in land. This has led to the further marginalization, deprivation and migration of rural populations to cities or even abroad. Vulnerable groups such as women smallholders, indigenous peoples and pastoralists have often been particularly affected. Governments in developing countries and all involved actors need to set, implement and monitor regulatory frameworks for investments in land that ensure accountability and transparency, equity, participation and non-discrimination among all social groups with a view to fostering the sustainable management of land and other natural resources.
Why companies and countries invest in land in developing countries:
- conservation projects
- Foreign Direct Investments for domestic food security
- speculative financial market transactions on food staple crops
To create sustainable, effective and pro-poor regulatory frameworks SDC supports governments in preparing, implementing and monitoring rights-based, land-related policies, nationally, regionally and internationally. SDC also supports civil society organizations and farmers’ organizations to enable them to participate in land-related policy processes. Further, it engages with the private sector to establish principles, social and environmental standards and codes of conduct in land-related investments.
Projects at national level
Land governance at global level
|The way forward
Over the coming years, the SDC will continue to support the development of frameworks and standards on land governance and further broaden evidence-based information and knowledge on land investment in developing countries. It also intends to help improve transparency and accountability in land-related decision-making.