Construction of schools-cum-storm shelters in Myanmar
Back to school – in buildings that offer a «safe haven» during natural disasters
Access to formal education has been restored in the areas of the Ayeyarwaddy Delta in Myanmar that were devastated by Cyclone Nargis. The first 30 permanent primary schools-cum-storm shelters have been completed: children can resume their education and the communities have a «safe haven» during natural disasters. The process for constructing the remaining 10 schools-cum-shelters began in 2012.
Tropical Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar in May 2008 and devastated large parts of the low-lying Ayeyarwaddy Delta, taking about 140,000 lives and destroying or damaging more than 2000 schools. About 2.5 million people were in need of assistance. The Delta is an area where the food security of most communities fluctuated from season to season, even before the disaster. With the support of the international humanitarian community, the most immediate of the people’s needs were met and infrastructure was rebuilt. However, the need to restore the formal education infrastructure requires continued support.
Schools that can be used as storm shelters
Each storm shelter can accommodate up to 700-1000 people and is equipped with a water supply, including tanks and drinking water filters. Separate toilets are built for girls and boys
taking into consideration the need for privacy and cleanliness.
Successful opening of 30 schools
Teachers and school children appreciate the new learning environment. Surveys show that the school attendance rate remains at 30-50% in villages with no or marginal infrastructure, while it stands at 90% in areas where educational facilities are restored.
The project in briefArea
Myanmar, Ayeyarwad-dy Delta
Ministry of Social Welfare and Reset-tlement, Ministry of Basic Education, Eu-ropaid, UNICEF
Starting point / background information
The tropical Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar in May 2008 and devastated large parts of the lowlying Ayeyarwaddy Delta. It destroyed or damaged more than 2000 schools. About 140,000 lives were lost.
To restore access to formal education through the construction of permanent schools-cum-storm shelters that offer both primary education and a «safe haven» for communities during natural disasters. By mid-2013 40 such buildings will have been constructed, benefitting 7250 students.
Women, men and children in communities affected by Cycline Nargis
Total estimated cost of USD 9 mio plus USD 2.8 mio from Europeaid and UNICEF